29 Apr 2023

Flask Web Development: Routing, Templates, and Forms Made Easy

Flask is a micro web framework written in Python that allows developers to quickly and easily build web applications. It is lightweight and flexible, making it an excellent choice for small to medium-sized projects. Flask provides a range of tools and libraries that simplify the development process, including routing, templates, and forms. In this blog, we will explore the features of Flask that make web development easy and efficient.

Routing in Flask

Routing is the process of directing incoming requests to the appropriate function or view in the web application. Flask uses the concept of routes to map URLs to Python functions. This is achieved using the @app.route() decorator. The decorator is used to define a function that handles a specific URL route. Here is an example of a simple route in Flask:

from flask import Flask

app = Flask(__name__)

def index():
    return 'Hello, World!'

This route will match the root URL, /, and return the string 'Hello, World!' to the browser. Flask supports various URL patterns, including dynamic routes that capture data from the URL. Here is an example of a dynamic route:

def profile(username):
    return f'Hello, {username}!'

This route will match URLs that begin with /user/ and capture the value after the slash as username. For example, /user/bob will return the string 'Hello, bob!'. Flask also supports HTTP methods such as GET, POST, PUT, and DELETE. This allows developers to create RESTful APIs easily.

Templates in Flask

Templates are used to generate dynamic HTML pages in Flask. Flask uses the Jinja2 templating engine, which is powerful and flexible. Jinja2 allows developers to include logic in templates and provides a range of features such as template inheritance, macros, and filters. Here is an example of a simple template in Flask:

<!DOCTYPE html>
        <title>{{ title }}</title>
        <h1>{{ title }}</h1>
        <p>{{ content }}</p>

In this template, we use variables to dynamically set the title and content of the page. These variables are passed to the template from the Flask application. Here is an example of rendering the above template in Flask:

from flask import Flask, render_template

app = Flask(__name__)

def index():
    return render_template('index.html', title='Home', content='Welcome to my Flask app!')

The render_template() function is used to render the template with the given variables. This function looks for templates in the templates/ directory by default.

Forms in Flask

Forms are an essential part of web applications. Flask provides the Flask-WTF extension, which simplifies the creation and handling of forms. Flask-WTF uses the WTForms library, which is a flexible and powerful form library for Python. Here is an example of a simple form in Flask:

from flask_wtf import FlaskForm
from wtforms import StringField, SubmitField
from wtforms.validators import DataRequired

class NameForm(FlaskForm):
    name = StringField('Name', validators=[DataRequired()])
    submit = SubmitField('Submit')

In this form, we define a single field, name, which is a required string field, and a submit button. We can use this form in a Flask route like this:

from flask import Flask, render_template, redirect, url_for
from forms import NameForm

app = Flask(__name__)
app.config['SECRET_KEY'] = 'mysecretkey'

@app.route('/', methods=['GET', 'POST'])
def index():
    name = None
    form = NameForm()
    if form.validate_on_submit():
        name = form.name.data
        form.name.data = ''
        return redirect(url_for('index'))
    return render_template('index.html', form=form, name=name)

In this route, we create an instance of the NameForm form and pass it to the template. We also define a variable name to store the value of the form field after submission. In the route, we check if the form is valid when the user submits it. If the form is valid, we extract the value of the name field and clear it. We then redirect the user back to the index page.


Flask is an excellent web framework for developers who want to build small to medium-sized web applications. It provides a range of tools and libraries that make web development easy and efficient. In this blog, we explored the features of Flask that make web development easy, including routing, templates, and forms. With these tools, developers can quickly and easily create dynamic web applications.