2 Sept 2023

HTML Class Mastery for Beginners: A Comprehensive Guide

The HTML class attribute is used to define one or more class names for an HTML element. The class name can be used in CSS and JavaScript to select and manipulate the element.

Using the class attribute is a great way to group similar elements together and apply the same styles or behaviour to them. For example, you could create a class called "highlight" and apply it to multiple elements on a page, such as paragraphs or images, to give them a yellow background color.

Here's an example of how to use the class attribute in HTML:

<p class="highlight">This is a highlighted paragraph.</p>
<img src="image.jpg" class="highlight">

You can also specify multiple classes for an element by separating them with spaces:

<p class="highlight important">This is a highlighted and important paragraph.</p>

In CSS, you can select an element by its class using a dot (.) followed by the class name:

.highlight {
    background-color: yellow;

You can also use the class name to select the element in JavaScript:

var elements = document.getElementsByClassName("highlight");

It's important to note that class names should be unique, if you want to assign the same class to multiple elements you can use the multiple elements and class.

Additionally the class should be meaningful and descriptive, it's always better to use a class name like "highlight" instead of "yellow" so that you can change the yellow color to another color later without having to change the class name.

In this way HTML class attribute plays a crucial role in web development, it helps us to maintain the HTML structure easily, by using classes we can separate the design and behaviour of the web page and make it more manageable and easy to understand.