25 Jun 2023

Gui Programming in Python Building Desktop Applications with Python

Graphical user interfaces (GUIs) are a popular way of creating user-friendly desktop applications that allow users to interact with software through intuitive, visual interfaces. Python is a versatile and powerful programming language that can be used to create desktop applications with GUIs. In this blog post, we will explore how to build desktop applications with Python and its popular GUI libraries.

Why use Python for GUI programming?

Python is a high-level programming language that is easy to learn and write. It offers a vast array of libraries and frameworks that make it easier to build applications. Python's strong community support and excellent documentation make it a popular choice for building desktop applications.

Python offers a variety of GUI libraries, such as Tkinter, PyQt, PySide, wxPython, Kivy, and PyGTK, which provide a range of tools to build a desktop application. These libraries offer various widgets, such as buttons, text boxes, and sliders, which can be used to create a GUI. The GUI libraries also support custom widgets, and it is possible to create custom widgets that match the design of the application.

Choosing a GUI library

Python offers several GUI libraries, and choosing the right one for your project is essential. Here are some of the popular Python GUI libraries and their featuresTkinter: This is Python's built-in GUI library that provides a simple way to create a GUI. Tkinter is easy to learn and use, and it comes with many widgets, such as buttons, labels, and text boxes. It is ideal for small to medium-sized projects.

Building a desktop application with Python

In this section, we will build a desktop application with Python and the PyQt library. We will create a simple application that has a label, a text box, and a button. The label will display a welcome message, the text box will allow the user to input their name, and the button will display a greeting message when clicked.

First, we need to install the PyQt library. We can install PyQt using pip, which is a package installer for Python.

pip install PyQt5

Next, we create a file called "gui.py" and import the necessary modules.

import sys
from PyQt5.QtWidgets import QApplication, QWidget, QLabel, QLineEdit, QPushButton

We create a class called "App" that inherits from the QWidget class.

class App(QWidget):
    def __init__(self):

    def initUI(self):
        self.setWindowTitle('Welcome to Python GUI')
        self.setGeometry(100, 100, 400, 200)

        self.lbl = QLabel('Enter your name:', self)
        self.lbl.move(20, 20)

        self.txtbox = QLineEdit(self)
        self.txtbox.move(20, 50)
        self.txtbox.resize(280, 30)

        self.btn = QPushButton('Greet', self)
        self.btn.move(20, 90)


    def greet(self):
        name = self.txtbox.text()
        message = f'Hello {name}!'
        QMessageBox.information(self, 'Greeting', message, QMessageBox.Ok)

if __name__ == '__main__':
    app = QApplication(sys.argv)
    ex = App()

The class "App" has two methods, "init()" and "initUI()". The "init()" method is the constructor method, and it calls the "initUI()" method to initialize the user interface.

The "initUI()" method sets the window title, size, and position. It creates a label, a text box, and a button. The label displays a message asking the user to enter their name. The text box allows the user to input their name. The button displays the text "Greet" and is connected to a method called "greet()". The "show()" method displays the window.

The "greet()" method is called when the user clicks the button. It retrieves the text from the text box and creates a greeting message using f-strings. The "QMessageBox.information()" method displays a message box with the greeting message.

The if statement at the end of the code creates an instance of the "QApplication" class and the "App" class. The "sys.exit()" method is called to exit the application when the window is closed.


Python provides a range of GUI libraries that make it easy to create desktop applications with user-friendly interfaces. The choice of library depends on the requirements of the project. PyQt is a popular GUI library that provides a range of widgets and tools for building professional-looking applications. With Python and PyQt, it is possible to create desktop applications quickly and efficiently.

In conclusion, GUI programming in Python is an essential skill for any developer interested in building desktop applications. Python's rich library of GUI frameworks provides developers with a broad range of options to choose from when it comes to building user interfaces.

PyQt, in particular, is a powerful and versatile GUI library that allows developers to create complex and feature-rich desktop applications with ease. With its extensive set of widgets, tools, and features, PyQt makes it possible to create professional-looking interfaces that are both aesthetically pleasing and easy to use.

Overall, Python's versatility, ease of use, and extensive libraries make it an excellent choice for developing desktop applications with user-friendly interfaces. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced developer, Python has everything you need to build high-quality, desktop applications quickly and efficiently.