28 Apr 2023

Building a responsive portfolio website with HTML, CSS, and JavaScript

In today's digital age, having a personal or professional portfolio website is essential for showcasing your skills and accomplishments. A portfolio website is a great way to market yourself and your work, and it's even better when it's responsive, meaning it can adapt to different screen sizes, from desktops to mobile devices. In this blog, we'll walk you through the process of building a responsive portfolio website using HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

Step 1: Plan and Design

Before you start coding, you need to have a clear plan of what you want your portfolio website to look like. Sketch out a wireframe or mockup of your website's layout, and decide on the color scheme, typography, and overall design aesthetic.

Once you have a clear plan in place, it's time to start coding.

Step 2: HTML Markup

The first step is to create the HTML markup for your website. Start by creating an index.html file and adding the basic HTML structure, including the head and body tags. Then, add the necessary HTML elements for your website's content, such as headings, paragraphs, images, and links.

To make your website responsive, you'll need to use HTML5 semantic tags, such as header, main, footer, and section. These tags help structure your content and make it easier for search engines to crawl and index your website.

Step 3: CSS Styling

Once you have the HTML markup in place, it's time to add some style to your website using CSS. Create a new style.css file and link it to your index.html file using the link tag in the head section.

Start by setting the basic styles for your website, such as the font size, font family, and color scheme. Then, add styles for your website's layout, such as the width and height of your website's main container.

To make your website responsive, you'll need to use CSS media queries, which allow you to apply different styles to your website based on the screen size. For example, you can set the font size and padding to be smaller on mobile devices than on desktops.

Step 4: JavaScript Functionality

To add some interactivity to your website, you can use JavaScript. Start by creating a new script.js file and linking it to your index.html file using the script tag in the body section.

You can use JavaScript to add functionality such as a dropdown menu, a slider, or a modal window. For example, you can use JavaScript to create a hamburger menu that appears on mobile devices when the screen size is smaller than a certain width.

Step 5: Testing and Optimization

Once you've built your responsive portfolio website, it's time to test it on different devices and browsers to make sure it looks and works as expected. You can use tools such as BrowserStack or CrossBrowserTesting to test your website on different devices and browsers.

You should also optimize your website's performance by minifying your CSS and JavaScript files, compressing your images, and using a content delivery network (CDN) to serve your files faster.


Building a responsive portfolio website is a great way to showcase your work and market yourself online. By using HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, you can create a website that looks great on any device and is easy to navigate. Just remember to plan your design, use semantic HTML tags, apply CSS media queries, add JavaScript functionality, and test and optimize your website for performance. With these tips in mind, you'll be well on your way to building a stunning portfolio website.